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46. Lewis and you may Holt, Historians of the Middle east, thirteen. 47. Champ, Pillars out of Priesthood Shaken, 106–111. forty eight. Ibid., 114–116. Not all works on Islam immediately was in fact negative. Adrian Reland, professor of Chinese language Tongues in the University away from Utrecht, put a-work Of Mohametan Theology (1712) one to Champion titled ‘‘a-work away from powerful and you may impartial scholarship” (116). A. Bobovius’s A beneficial Treatise Regarding Turkish Liturgy try a similarly healthy really works. forty two. Reeves, Muhammad for the Europe, 165. fifty. Cited during the P. Williams’s Faith, 1972), 17–18, 28. 51. Ibid., 28. 52. Matar, Islam in britain, 104. 53. 54. Gibbon’s opinions towards Islam was discussed in the Womersley, Gibbon additionally the ‘‘Watchmen of your Holy Area,” 147–174. 55. Edward Gibbon, The real history of your Decline and you can Fall of your own Roman Kingdom, ed. 56. Bernard Lewis, ‘‘Gibbon towards Muhammad,” for the Edward Gibbon in addition to Decline and you can Slide of your own Roman Kingdom, ed. G. W. Bowersock, John Clive, and you can Stephen R. Graubard (Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard School Push, 1977). 57. Cited when you look at the Byron Porter Smith, Islam in the English Books, 113. 58. Quoted ibid., 109–110. 59. South, West Feedback regarding Islam among Many years, thirteen. sixty. Cited during the Bulliet, Circumstances getting Islamo-Religious Culture, seven. 61. Joseph White, Sermons Preached up until the School regarding Oxford around 1784 during the Lecture Centered from the Rev. John Bampton, next ed. (London: Grams.Grams.J. and you may J. Robinson, 1792), 524–525. 62. Jane Shaw, ‘‘Gender and ‘Nature’ from Religion: People Mary Wortley Montagu’s Embassy Emails as well as their Invest Enlightenment Philosophy regarding Faith,” Bulletin of the John Rylands Collection 80.step 3 (Fall 1998): randki angelreturn 145. 63. Cited for the Byron Porter Smith, Islam inside the English Literature, 59. 64. Cited ibid., 60. 65. Cited from inside the Embassy in order to Constantinople: The newest Traveling Emails off People Mary Wortley Montagu, ed. and comp. Christopher Come across (London: 100 years, 1988), 99–100. 66. An excellent Turks Head Public Family is available inside the main London, which have a few carved thoughts and you can a decorated tavern sign above the home, from the ten Motcomb Path, Belgravia. Turks Head taverns remain in lot of biggest locations on the Uk. 67. Matar, Islam in the united kingdom, 115–116. 68. Cited ibid., 110. 69. Ibid., 117. 70. Ibid., 113. 71. Daniel J. Vitkus, ed., Piracy, Slavery, and you will Redemption (Nyc: Columbia College Drive, 2001), 6–nine, 13–16.
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72. Robert C. Davis, ‘‘Relying European Slaves towards the Barbary Coast,” 97. 73. Ibid., 87–124. 74. Ibid., 124. 75. Vitkus, Flipping Turk, 82; Daniel J. Vitkus, ed., Around three Turk Performs out-of Very early Modern England: Selimus, A great Religious Turned into Turk, Brand new Renegado (Ny: Columbia School Push, 2000), 4. 76. Osman Benche?rif, The image regarding Algeria from inside the Anglo-American Site, 1785–1962 (Lanham, Md.: University Press away from The usa, 1997), 23. For the 1884 the british consul general into the Algiers, Sir Lambert Playfair, published a book in the their event, contacting new Algerian pirates New Scourge out-of Christendom. 77. Cited from inside the Byron Porter Smith, Islam for the English Books, 62–63. 78. The entire lugubrious rite is actually found in Vitkus, Piracy, Slavery, and Redemption, 361–366. 79. Ibid., 365–366. 80. Benche?rif, Image of Algeria from inside the Anglo–American Web log, 37. Fre?de?ric Delame?an excellent, ‘‘The latest Noble Dying: Pangs away from Vivaldian Opera,” into the Antonio Vivaldi, Bajazet (London: EMI Information/Virgin Classics, 2005), 11–14 regarding the associated text message. 81. Matar, Islam in britain, 52–53. 82. Cited ibid., 55. 83. Vitkus, Three Turk Takes on, 23–twenty eight, 151–239. 84. Quoted inside the Matar, Islam in the united kingdom, 52. 85. Find ‘‘Othello Converts Turk” when you look at the Vitkus, Turning Turk, 77–106. 86. John W. Draper, Orientalia and you can Shakespeareana (New york: Vantage, 1978), 129–139, 146–157. 87. Schacht and Bosworth, Legacy of Islam, 36–37. 88. Robert Irwin, Arabian Nights: A partner (London: Allen Way, 1994), 241. 89. Robert L. Mack, ed., Arabian Nights’ Entertainments (Oxford: Oxford School Push, 1998), ix–xx. Find in addition to Peter L. Caracciolo, ed., The latest Arabian Nights during the English Literary works: Education on Lobby of one’s Thousand and one Night with the Uk Culture (New york: St. ent around the globe, 253–265. 91. Cited inside John Rodenbeck, ‘‘Cervantes and you will Islam: Perceptions on the Islam and you will Islamic Community when you look at the Don Quixote,” Cairo Files for the Public Research 19.2 (September 1996): 65. ninety-five. Kontje, German Orientalisms, 109. 93. Ibid., 72–73. 94. Cited for the Stephen Houlgate, ed., The newest Hegel Reader (Malden, Size.: Blackwell, 1998), 401. 95. Hentsch, Imagining the middle East, 144. 96. Gotthold Elizabeth. Lessing, Nathan this new Wise, trans. Bayard Quincy Morgan (Nyc: Frederick Ungar, 1955), vi, 75–82. 97. Kontje, German Orientalisms, 118–132. 98. Mostly of the tracks of ‘‘Mahomet’s Song” is actually Hyperion CDJ 33024 out of Hyperion’s Schubert Version, vol. twenty four.